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Study Overview

Preventing intimate-partner violence: Impact Evaluation of Engaging Men through Accountable Practice in Eastern DRC
Study is 3ie funded:
Study ID:
Initial Registration Date:
Last Update Date:
Study Status:
Congo - Kinshasa
The objective of the study is to evaluate the impact of Engaging Men in Accountable Practice (EMAP) on the prevention of violence against women and girls in North and South Kivu (DRC). The study is conducted jointly by the World Bank’s Africa Gender Innovation Lab and the International Rescue Committee (IRC). EMAP is a program developed and implemented by the IRC to engage men to reflect on how they can reduce and prevent intimate partner violence through 16 weekly group discussion sessions. The study is a cluster randomized control trial in which 50 self-selected men in 15 communities receive the EMAP intervention while in 15 other communities, 50 self-selected men receive an alternative intervention. Key outcomes examined include: (i) Experience of past year physical, sexual and psychological violence reported by women whose partners are EMAP participants; (ii) Participant’s gender attitudes and behaviors, conflict and hostility management skills; (iii) Power sharing and communication within the couple.
Health, Nutrition, and Population
Additional Keywords:
Gender based violence; intimate-partner violence
Secondary ID Number(s):
This study is part of the World Bank project DRC: Learning from a Sexual and Gender Based Violence Prevention Pilot (P149394

Principal Investigator(s)

Name of First PI:
Nathalie Guilbert, Julia Vaillant, Rachael Pierotti
The World Bank
Name of Second PI:
Kathryn Falb, Pamela Mallinga, Danielle Roth
International Rescue Committee

Study Sponsor

World Bank
Study Sponsor Location:
United States

Research Partner

Name of Partner Institution:
International Rescue Committee
Type of Organization:
Congo - Kinshasa

Intervention Overview

The Engaging Men through Accountable Practice (EMAP) approach aims to engage men as agents of change in ending violence against women and promoting gender equality through structured, weekly discussions with committed groups of men. This evidence-based approach founded on the IRC’s previous work in the DRC and West Africa, engages men as agents of change, working to address entrenched views of gender roles and identify positive models of masculinity. The approach follows a structured series of discussions designed to explore existing understandings of masculinity and create more positive models of what it means to be a ‘good’ man, promoting self-reflection and pushing men to analyze and change their own power and privilege, activities focused on anger management are also included. This methodology ensures the strong involvement of women in the process. It begins with a series of discussions with women (not necessarily partners of the male participants) to inform men’s dialogue groups, and includes continuous feedback loops with women throughout the process so that the work with men is grounded in, and accountable to, women’s views and objectives.
Theory of Change:
Multiple Treatment Arms Evaluated?

Implementing Agency

Name of Organization:
International Rescue Committee
Type of Organization:
NGO (International)

Program Funder

Name of Organization:
The World Bank
Type of Organization:
Foreign or Multilateral Aid Agency

Intervention Timing

Intervention or Program Started at time of Registration?
Change History for Intervention Timeline
Changed On Previous Value
10/13/2016 No
Start Date:
Change History for Start Date
Changed On Previous Value
10/13/2016 03/01/2016
End Date:
Change History for End Date
Changed On Previous Value
10/13/2016 08/31/2016
Evaluation Method

Evaluation Method Overview

Primary (or First) Evaluation Method:
Randomized control trial
Other (not Listed) Method:
Additional Evaluation Method (If Any):
Other (not Listed) Method:

Method Details

Details of Evaluation Approach:
The study is a cluster randomized controlled trial. In 15 treatment communities, 50 self-selected men will participate in the EMAP intervention. In 15 control communities, 50 self-selected men will receive an alternative intervention focused on a non-gender topic. The 30 sites are matched into 15 pairs on a set of socio-demographic characteristic and within each pair, sites are randomly allocated to treatment or control status. Within each community, all adult men (20+ years old) are eligible to participate. In case of oversubscription, the 50 participants will be randomly drawn. At the time of recruitment, the participants do not know what the treatment status of their community will be, therefore, the selection process of participants is identical in treatment and control sites. Baseline and follow-up surveys are conducted with all participating men and their female partners. Differences in outcomes at endline will be imputable to having received the EMAP program only. At endline, 3 men within each EMAP participants’ close social network of friends and family will be interviewed to assess diffusion effects within the close network.
Outcomes (Endpoints):
Women’s experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) from a male partner in the past 12 months; Acceptability of intimate partner violence (among all women; all men); Acceptability that a woman can refuse to have sex (among all women; all men); Use of gender equitable behaviors in the home and in relationship (among all women, all men); Attitudes towards gender equitable/inequitable social norms (among all women, all men); Decision-making and communication around family planning (among all women, all men); Power sharing and decision-making around income generating activities and use of income (among all women, all men); Conflict and hostility management skills (among all men).
Unit of Analysis:
1) Women whose male partners received the EMAP intervention will have lower self-reported experience of past year physical and sexual violence perpetrated by their partner than those who did not receive EMAP. 2) Men who received EMAP will be less likely to report intimate partner violence as justifiable than those who did not. 3) Men who received EMAP will be more likely to report a woman refusing to have sex with her partner as justifiable than those who did not. 4) Couples in which the man received EMAP will have more gender-equitable behaviors in the home and their relationship.
Unit of Intervention or Assignment:
Groups of 50 men participating in EMAP and control intervention
Number of Clusters in Sample:
Number of Individuals in Sample:
1500 men, 1500 women, 3500 members of men's social network
Size of Treatment, Control, or Comparison Subsamples:
15 treatment and 15 control sites

Supplementary Files

Analysis Plan:
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Outcomes Data

Individual survey data collected before the start of the program and 12 months later among all male participants and their female partners, in treatment and control sites, as well as endline data collected among members of the close social network.
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Data Previously Used?
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Treatment Assignment Data

Participation or Assignment Information:
Data Obtained by the Study Researchers?
Data Previously Used?
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Data Obtained by the Study Researchers?
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Data Analysis

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Study Materials

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Registration Category

Registration Category:
Prospective, Category 1: Data for measuring impacts have not been collected

Completion Overview

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Preliminary Report:
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Data Availability

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Other Materials

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Description of Changes:

Study Stopped